Glossary of terms used on this site

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Silvicultural Treatments

Types of timber harvests used to sustain wood production over time, as opposed to exploitative cuts that drain the woods of its future economic value.

Synonyms: Silvicultural Treatment

The art and science of influencing the growth, composition, health, and quality of forests and woodlands to meet the needs of the landowner and society.

Silviculture Prescription

A recommendation from a forester on a particular way to harvest timber from an area of woods.

Site Class

A measure of the quality of soil for growing trees, usually expressed as a height of trees at a given age.

Society of Americn Foresters (SAF)

A non-profit, professional organization for foresters in the United States.

Synonyms: SAF

In general, trees with needles. You might also see these trees called "conifers" or even generally "pine trees" (although not all conifers are actually pines). Despite the name, some softwoods can have hard, dense wood.

Soils Map

A map of an area that shows the different kinds of soils present there. A soils map is useful when planting trees to help decide which species to plant. It also comes in handy when building trails or logging access systems to minimize erosion, rutting, and pollution.


In a forest or woodlot, a stand refers to a section of trees that is relatively uniform in its mix of tree species and sizes.


The economic value of timber as it stands uncut as trees in the woods. When landowners sell trees, they usually receive income based on their trees' stumpage value.

Sustainable Forest Management

The practice of meeting current needs from the forest without compromising the forest's ability to meet those needs in the future.